Lesson 10

Word List

  • numer - number
    • kenumer (te/to) - how many (what number of)
  • moy - every
    • moyte - everybody
    • moyto - everything
    • moyloka - everywhere
  • nil - zero, no-
    • nilte - nobody
    • nilto - nothing
    • nilloka - nowhere
  • un - one
  • dua - two
  • tiga - three
  • care - four
  • lima - five
  • sisa - six
  • sabe - seven
  • oco - eight
  • nue - nine
  • des - ten
  • plu - multiple (any number more than one)

Quizlet Flash Cards

Notes

Word Order in Noun Phrases

As seen in previous lessons, word order in Globasa is rather strict. Word order in noun phrases is as follows:

determiners (hin/den/moy/nil) -- possessive adj (misu, etc.) -- number -- adjective -- (pro)noun

hin tesu care lama kitabu
"these her four old books"
these four old books of hers

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are formed by adding (e)te or (o)to to possessive adjectives.

  • misu te/to - mine
  • yusu te/to - yours
  • etc.

Other Noun Phrases Ending in (e)te and (o)to

As we've seen in previous lessons, noun phrases must always end in either a noun or a pronoun. We've already seen that determiners (hin, den, ke, moy, nil) cannot stand alone and must attach (e)te/(o)to when the noun is not expressed. Likewise, possessive pronouns (as seen above), as well as adjectives and numbers (including the word kenumer) in noun phrases must add (e)te/(o)to when the noun is not expressed.

Un manixu somno ji dua te yam.
One man is sleeping and two are eating.

lao ete ji juni ete
the old ones and the young ones

Mi hare multi kursi. Yu vole kenumer to?
I have a lot of chairs. How many do you want?

Expressing Singularity/Indefiniteness with un

The word un may be used to express singularity and indefiniteness when necessary.

  • un kitabu - one book or a book

Expressing Plurality with plu

The word plu maybe used to express plurality when necessary.

  • plu pingo - (multiple) apples

Example Sentences

Tiga meli piu lala.
Three beautiful birds are singing.

Den misu doste sen hox.
That friend of mine is happy.

Yu hare kenumer sodar?
"You have how many siblings?"
How many siblings do you have?

Moyte danse.
Everybody is dancing.

Reading Practice

Plu myaw sen in ergodom de etesu matre. Matre vole na ore moy sesu bete.

Matre: Uyu le ergo fe keto?
Myaw un: Mi le polisi. Mi le anda ji oko moyloka.
Matre: Dento sen day ergo! Yu xa hare lima mahi.
Myaw un: Xukra!

Matre: Myaw dua, yusu ergo le sen keto?
Myaw dua: Mi le idi cel nahir cel na cudu neo yam. Mi le cudu des mahi tas imi.
Matre: Yusu ergo sen bon. Yusu des mahi sen day. Mi sen hox.
Myaw dua: Mi xa hare kenumer mahi?
Matre: Lima mahi.
Myaw dua: Xukra. Mas mi le cudu max mahi kom lima te...
Matre: Lima te sen bon numer.
Myaw dua: Bon...

Matre: Ji yu, myaw tiga?
Myaw tiga: Mi le...
Myaw un: Te le somno lungo! Te le no ergo!
Matre: Myaw tiga xa hare lima mahi.
Myaw un ji dua: Keto? Kam no nilte? Myaw tiga le no ergo!
Matre: Moy myaw xa hare yam. Nilte yam nilto.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.