Lesson 11

Word List

  • or - or
  • ogar (in) - home, dwelling, place of residence; inhabit, dwell, reside (in), live (in)
  • yon - with (using), by means of, by
  • pala (yon/in) - talk, speak (in)
  • dexa - country
  • Engli - England
  • Espani - Spain
  • Nipon - Japan
  • Franse - France
  • Turki - Turkey
  • Usa - United States of America
  • Mexiko - Mexico
  • Barati - India
  • Cungwo - China
  • Rusi - Russia
  • Masri - Egypt
  • Brazil - Brazil
  • dolo - street, road
  • basa - language
  • -sa - (suffix) language
  • -li - (suffix) of, relating to

Quizlet Flash Cards

Notes

Suffix -sa

Many languages are derived from words denoting countries by adding the suffix -sa (from basa - language).

Fill in the blanks below:

English: Englisa
Spanish: __________
Japanese: __________
French: __________
Turkish: __________
Russian: __________

The names of languages may also be used as verbs:

Mi Englisa ji Globasa.
I communicate (speak and understand and/or read and write) in English and Globasa.

pala (in/yon)

The word pala (speak) may be used either transitively, without a preposition, or intransitively (with either in or yon) as follows:

Mi pala (in/yon) Englisa ji Globasa.
I speak (in) English and Globasa.

ogar vs ogar in vs ogar fe

The word ogar (home) can be used as a verb meaning inhabit, dwell, reside or live (in/at).

It is used transitively, without a preposition, when the object of the verb refers to the dwelling or home.

Mi ogar lil ogar.
I live in a small home.

The preposition fe is used when referring to the dwelling's address.

Mi ogar fe Dolo Day Drevo.
I live on Big Tree Street.

The preposition in is used when referring to the dwelling's location (city, country, etc.), as well as alternatively when referring to the dwelling or the dwelling's address.

Mi ogar in lil ogar, in Dolo Day Drevo, in Nipon.
I live in a small home, on Big Tree Street, in Japan.

Suffix -li

One of the suffixes used in Globasa for deriving adjectives from nouns is -li. It roughly means of, or relating to.

Fill in the blanks below:

English tea: Englili cay
Spanish rice: __________  __________
Japanese tree: __________  __________
French bread: __________  __________
Turkish coffee: __________  __________
American movie: __________  __________
Mexican music: __________  __________

Nationalities with yen

As seen previously, the word yen is used for denoting people.

Fill in the blanks below:

an English person: Engliyen
a Spaniard: _______________
a Japanese person: _______________
a French person: _______________
a Turk: _______________
an American: _______________

Example Sentences

Yu ogar keloka?
Where do you live?

Yu pala (in/yon) ke basa?
What language(s) do you speak?

Kam yu Fransesa or Turkisa?
Do you speak French or Turkish?

Mi pala Espanisa ji Globasa.
I speak Spanish and Globasa.

Reading Practice

Misu doste ogar in Rusi. Te pala Rusisa ji Fransesa. Tesu gami no pala Fransesa mas te vole na xwexi to. Ete vole na idi cel Franse ton sesu dua bete. Bete no vole na xwexi Fransesa. Ete vole na idi cel Nipon.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.