Lesson 7

New words in this lesson:

  • imi - we
  • uyu - you (pl.)
  • ete - they (animate)
  • oto - they (inanimate)
  • ke - which
    • kete - who
    • keto - what
  • is - be (is, am, are)
  • loga - say, tell
  • cudu - get, take, obtain, acquire
  • idi - go
  • ata - come
  • cel - to (movement)
  • alim - teach/teaching
    • alimyen - teacher
  • medici - medicine/medicate
    • mediciyen - physician
    • medicidom - clinic
  • polisi - police
    • polisiyen - police officer

Notes

Questions

Questions have the same word order as statements.

  • Mediciyen yam keto?
    “The doctor eats what?”
    What does the doctor eat?

Suffix -yen

The suffix -yen denotes any life form or personified object. It may be attached to either noun/verb words or adj/adv words.

With noun/verb words

  • alim (teach) - alimyen (teacher)
  • polisi (police) - polisiyen (police officer)

With adj/adv words

  • juni (young) - juniyen (a young being/person, a youth)
  • bala (strong) - balayen (a strong being/person)

The words man and woman can also be expressed as manyen and femyen. Technically, manyen refers to any male (whether boy or man) and femyen refers to any female (whether girl, lady or woman). However, since we would typically use nini for an underage human, manyen and femyen may be used not only when one is not sure of the person's age, but when we're referring to an adult.

To Be or Not to Be

As seen in Lessons 5, adjectives link to subjects without the need for the linking verb to be. Therefore, the word is in Globasa has the sole function of linking the subject with a noun/verb phrase. Study the following example sentences closely.

Sentence 1:

  • Hin manyen is alimyen.
    This man is a teacher.

Compare with Sentence 2:

  • Hin manyen bono.
    This man is good.

Now compare with Sentence 3:

  • Hin manyen is bono alimyen.
    This man is a good teacher.

In sentence 3, bono is an adjective describing alimyen, while is links manyen to alimyen, just as in Sentence 1. In Sentence 2, on the other hand, bono functions as the predicate of the sentence ( is good).

Example Sentences

  • Den femyen is mediciyen.
    That lady is a doctor.

  • Alimyen idi cel eskol.
    The teacher goes to the school.

  • Polisiyen hare keto?
    What does the police officer have?

Reading Practice

Multi ixu le idi cel dayo eskol. Hinto hare bono alimyen. Hinte alim na koki. Multi ixu ata cel na xwexi na bono koki.

"Imi xa koki keto?" xwexiyen loga.

"Uyu xa koki newe koki," alimyen loga.

"Koki hare keto?" xwexiyen loga.

"Patato, bwaw ji uma," alimyen loga.

Polisiyen in xwexiyen no kox: "Keto?! Dento no is koki! Bwaw ji uma meli! Ete is doste!"

"Fe lutuf, multi te suki na yam xosu bwaw ji uma. Kam yu aham?" alimyen loga.

"No! Ete no is yam! Yu xa idi cel polisidom," polisiyen loga.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.