Lesson 8

New words in this lesson:

  • de - of (belonging to)
  • loka - location
    • keloka - where
    • hinloka - here
    • denloka - there
  • fe - at (place or time)
  • per - on
  • bax - under, below, beneath
  • ton - (together) with
  • fe inya - inside
  • fe exya - outside
  • mesa - table
  • bistar - bed
  • kursi - chair
  • drevo - tree
  • jabal - mountain
  • bahari - sea
  • nahir - river

Notes

Expressing Possession

Nouns express possession using the preposition de (of). Note that de only denotes possession, while in English the word of has many uses. In subsequent lessons, you will learn other words that translate as of in English.

kitabu de nini - the kid’s book

ton

The preposition ton only means together with. It is never used to express with in the sense of by means of.

Prepositional Phrases

In Globasa, prepositional phrases link to the subject without the verb to be.

Myaw in kokidom.
The cat is the kitchen.

Prepositional phrases can also modify nouns or verbs.

Compare the sentence above with the following sentence.

Myaw in kokidom yam.
The cat in the kitchen is eating.

The first sentence above tells us where the cat is. The second sentence tells us which cat is performing the action (eating).

Myaw yuxi in somnodom.
The cat is plays in the bedroom.

The question words keloka and all its correlatives also link to subjects without a copula.

Myaw keloka?
Where is the cat?

Myaw denloka.
The cat is there.

In order to indicate position without reference to location, prepositions are turned into nouns by adding -ya to form prepositional phrases with fe.

Myaw fe inya somno.
The cat inside is sleeping.

Fe inya, myaw somno.
Inside, the cat is sleeping.

Example Sentences

  • Eskol keloka?
    "School what-location?"
    Where is the school?

  • Piu per drevo.
    The bird is on the tree.

  • Bwaw de polisiyen dayo.
    The police officer's dog is big.

Reading Practice

Manixu ergo fe bahari. Te is maciyen. Te hare ogar ton femixu. Femixu hare juni bete. Hin ogar no dayo. Ete no suki to.

Ete in hin ogar. Manixu ji femixu fe mesa. Ete glu cay. Bete bono somno per bistar. Ete oko bete.

"Mi wole newe ogar, dayo ogar, har somnodom tas bete, ji somnodom tas imi," femixu loga. "Mi aham, mas ogar xa keloka?" manixu loga. "Kam yu suki jabal? Denloka dayo. Dento bono cel newe ogar," femixu loga. "Si, mi suki. Mas mi wole ergo," manixu loga. "Jabal hare nahir. Maci in nahir. Yu xa cudu multi maci," femixu loga. "Mas, kam jabal xa hare eskol?" manixu loga.

Bete ore ixu. Te le no somno!

Bete loga, "Mi no wole na idi cel eskol! Mi wole na yuxi bax ji per drevo, ex bahari ji ex eskol!"

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.