Lesson 9

New words in this lesson:

  • -su - possessive suffix applied to pronouns
  • se - reflexive pronoun
  • max - more (followed by a noun/verb)
    • maxmo - more (followed by an adj/adv)
  • min - less/fewer (followed by a noun/verb)
    • minmo - less (followed by an adj/adv)
  • kom - than
  • buru - bad
  • lile - little, small
  • colo - ugly
  • hanman - slow
  • lama - old (opposite of new)
  • lawo - old (opposite of young)
  • hazuni - sad
  • kotor - dirty
  • kurto - short/brief (opposite of long)
  • cote - short/low (opposite of tall/high)
  • gami - spouse (husband/wife)

Notes

Comparison

Comparison of number, amount or degree of noun/verb words is expressed as follows:

max... kom... - more... than...
min... kom... - less/fewer... than...

  • Polisiyen hare max bete kom musikayen.
    The police officer has more children than the musician.

  • Alimyen yam min roti kom mediciyen.
    The teacher eats less bread than the physician.

  • Misu gami max doxo kom mi. or Misu gami doxo max kom mi.
    My spouse reads more than I.

Comparative adjective/adverbs are expressed as follows:

maxmo... kom... - more... than...
minmo... kom... - less... than...

  • maxmo meli kom...
    more beautiful than...

  • minmo kotor kom...
    less dirty than...

se

The reflexive pronoun se is used as follows:

  • Manixu banyo se.
    The man is bathing himself. or The man is taking a bath.

In Globasa, se may be used reflexively with any pronoun.

  • Kam yu lubi se. or Kam yu lubi yu?
    Do you love yourself?

Possessive Adjectives

Globasa turns pronouns into possessive adjectives by adding the suffix -su.

misu - my
yusu - your
tesu - her/his
tosu - its
sesu - her/his/its own
imisu - our
uyusu - your
etesu - their
otosu - their

Example Sentences

  • Bwaw min somno kom myaw.
    The dog sleeps less than the cat.

  • Hin drevo is maxmo lawo kom den drevo.
    This tree is older than that tree.

  • Misu doste suyon in bahari.
    My friend swims in the sea.

Reading Practice

Ogar de polisiyen is maxmo lama kom ogar de mediciyen, mas ogar de mediciyen is colo, kotor ji lile.

Polisiyen: Kam yusu gami is maxmo lawo kom misu gami?
Mediciyen: No, misu gami is minmo lawo. Te is juni.

Polisiyen: Kam yusu gami is maxmo cote kom misu gami?
Mediciyen: No, misu gami is minmo cote. Te is gao.

Polisiyen: Kam yusu gami max doxo kom misu gami?
Mediciyen: No, misu gami no multi doxo. Te xosu doxo. Te no suki kitabu. Te suki filme ji musika.

Polisiyen: Kam yusu gami maxmo bono danse kom misu gami?
Mediciyen: No, misu gami buru danse. Yusu gami bono danse.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.