Lesson 10

New words in this lesson:

  • numer - number
  • kenumer (te/to) - how many (what number of)
  • moy - every
  • moyte - everybody
  • moyto - everything
  • moyloka - everywhere
  • nil - zero, no-
  • nilte - nobody
  • nilto - nothing
  • nilloka - nowhere
  • un - one
  • dua - two
  • tiga - three
  • care - four
  • lima - five
  • sisa - six
  • sabe - seven
  • oco - eight
  • nue - nine
  • des - ten
  • plu - multiple (any number more than one)

Notes

Noun Phrase Word Order

As seen in previous lessons, word order in Globasa is rather strict. Word order in noun phrases is as follows:

determiners (hin/den/moy/nil) -- possessive adj (misu, etc.) -- number -- adjective -- (pro)noun

  • hin tesu care lama kitabu
    "these her four old books"
    these four old books of hers

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are formed by adding te or to to possessive adjectives:

  • misu te/to - mine
  • yusu te/to - yours
  • etc.

Noun Phrases ending in te/to

As we've seen in Lesson 6, noun phrases must always end in either a noun or a pronoun. The third-person pronouns (te/to as well as ete/oto when appropriate) are used at the end of noun phrases when the noun is understood. We've already seen that determiners (hin/den) cannot stand alone, and must end in te/to when the noun is not expressed. Likewise, possessive pronouns (as seen above), as well as adjectives and numbers (including the word kenumer) in noun phrases must add te/to when the noun is not expressed.

  • Un manixu somno ji dua te yam.
    One man is sleeping and two are eating.

  • bono te, buru te ji colo te
    the good (one), the bad (one) and the ugly (one)

  • Mi hare multi kursi. Yu wole kenumer to?
    I have a lot of chairs. How many do you want?

un

The word un may be used to express singularity when necessary.

  • un kitabu
    one book or a book

plu

The word plu maybe used to express plurality when necessary.

  • plu pingo
    (multiple) apples

Example Sentences

  • Tiga meli piu lala.
    Three beautiful birds are singing.

  • Den misu doste kox.
    That friend of mine is happy.

  • Yu hare kenumer sodar?
    "You have how many siblings?" How many siblings do you have?

  • Moyte danse.
    Everybody is dancing.

Reading Practice

Plu myaw in ergodom de etesu matre. Matre wole na ore moy sesu bete.

Matre: Uyu le ergo fe keto?
Myaw un: Mi le polisi. Mi le sampo ji oko moyloka.
Matre: Dento is dayo ergo! Yu xa hare lima maci.
Myaw un: Xukra!

Matre: Myaw dua, yusu ergo le is keto?
Myaw dua: Mi le idi cel nahir cel na cudu newe yam. Mi le cudu des maci tas imi.
Matre: Yusu ergo bono. Yusu des maci dayo. Mi kox.
Myaw dua: Mi xa hare kenumer maci?
Matre: Lima maci.
Myaw dua: Xukra. Mas mi le cudu max maci kom lima te...
Matre: Lima te is bono numer.
Myaw dua: Bono...

Matre: Ji yu, myaw tiga?
Myaw tiga: Mi le...
Myaw un: Te le somno lungo! Te le no ergo!
Matre: Myaw tiga xa hare lima maci.
Myaw un ji du: Keto? Kam no nilte? Myaw tiga le no ergo!
Matre: Moy myaw xa hare yam. Nilte yam nilto.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.