Lesson 17

New words in this lesson:

  • hay - there is/are
  • barix - rain
  • taluji - snow
  • intre - between, among
  • fol - along, according to
  • wey - around
  • supra - above, over
  • infra - below
  • tras - across
  • nere - nearby
  • nere fe - near, close to
  • teli - far, remote
  • teli fe - far from
  • -kan - (suffix) store
  • day- - (prefix) augmentative
  • daymo - greatly (very)
  • lil- - (prefix) diminutive
  • lilmo - a little bit (adverb of degree)

Notes

hay

The word hay expresses there is/are, but is also used in reference to the environment where English uses it's.

  • Hay barix.
    It's raining. (There's rain.)

  • Hay taliju.
    It's snowing. (There's snow.)

  • Hay termo.
    It's warm. (There's heat/warmth.)

  • Hay bardi.
    It's cold. (There's cold.)

-kan

The suffix -kan (dukan - store) is similar to -dom but is used when the building refers to a store.

Fill in the blanks below:

shoe store:

book store:

restaurant:

day-

The prefix day- (dayo - big/large) is used to derive words that denote an increase in size, age, degree, quantity or loudness as compared with the root.

Fill in the blanks below:

awesome, great, excellent:

huge:

tiny:

yell:

grandmother:

daymo

The word daymo is an adverb of degree meaning greatly or very. As we will see in more detail in a subsequent lesson, adjectives that modify other adjectives or adverbs must add -mo.

lil-

The prefix lil- (lile - little/small) is the opposite of day- and is used to derive words that denote a reduction in size, degree, quantity or loudness as compared with the root.

Fill in the blanks below:

whisper

lilmo

The word lilmo is the opposite of daymo, an adverb of degree meaning a little. Like daymo, it is used to modify adjectives or other adverbs.

  • lilmo hazuni - a little sad

Example Sentences

  • Hay termo fe exya.
    It's warm outside.

  • Hay multi drevo fol nahir.
    There are many trees along the river.

Reading Practice

Misu xaher is daymo kiwaji. Hay multi drevo per jabal. Hay multi barix mas xosu taliju. Nere fe gao jabal hay nahir. Multi insan suyon in den bardipul nahir. Mi no abil na bono suyon. Mi suki na pawbu per jabal eger no hay barix.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.