Lesson 20

New words in this lesson:

  • kos - due to, because of, for
    • koski - because
  • seba - reason
    • keseba - why, for what reason
  • -kal - (suffix) -less
  • (denmo...) kumo... - as... as...
  • baytu - house
  • buka - open
  • klosi - close
  • ewreka - find, discover
  • xoru - begin, start
  • fini - finish, end
  • swal - ask, question
  • jawabu - answer
  • dwer - door
  • janela - window
  • satu - hour, time
  • alo - other, different
  • sama - same

Notes

denmo... kumo...

Nouns with equal features are compared using (denmo...) kumo... Note that denmo is optional, as kumo is sufficient to express the comparison.

  • Hin filme (denmo) lungo kumo den filme.
    This movie is as long as that movie.

-kal

The suffix -kal (kali - empty) is the opposite of the suffix -pul.

Fill in the blanks below:

poor:

sama and alo

The words sama (same) and alo (different/other) are similar to ke, hin, den, ban, moy and nil in that they are typically attached to te/to rather than stand separately as other adjectives would.

  • samate - the same person
    samato - the same thing

  • alote - somebody else (a different person)
    aloto - something else (a different thing)

Compare with:

  • bono te, buru te ji colo te
    the good (one), the bad (one) and the ugly (one)

Telling time

To tell time, Globasa uses the ordinal numbers which are derived by attaching the suffix -li to the cardinal numbers. Additionally, Globasa uses the word satu (hour) rather than watu (time).

  • To is ke satu?
    What time is it?

  • To is satu sabe fe soba.
    It is (hour) seven in the morning.

Informally, one can also use the cardinal numbers:

  • 8:25 - (satu) oco, duades lima

Example Sentences

  • Yu le klosi janela ke seba?
    Why did you close the window?

  • Mi le klosi janela koski hay bardi fe exya.
    I closed the window because it's cold outside.

Reading Practice

Mediciyen ogar in dayo baytu. Te hare bannumer hewan: dua bwaw, tiga myaw, ji un piu. Un bwaw somno multi. Alo bwaw yuxi multi ton moy myaw. Un myaw daymo humorpul. Te abil na buka ji klosi dwer. Piu is doste de den myaw. Nil myaw wole na yam piu. Ban dina, myaw le buka dwer ji piu le fley cel ex baytu. Bwaw ji mediciyen le ewreka te in parko ji nundina, piu in baytu ji moyte kox.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.