New words in this lesson:
Remember that hin and den never stand alone. They must always be followed by a noun or have te or to attached.
Noun phrases must always end in a noun or pronoun. This is the reason why hin and den can never stand alone. Likewise, when multi and xosu are used in noun phrases they must always be followed by either a noun or a pronoun.
Yu hare multi bete mas mi hare xosu te.
You have many children but I have few (of them).
Adverbs have the same form as adjectives. They typically precede the verbs they modify but may optionally follow the verb.
If the sentence has a direct object, the adverb may optionally follow it.
Be careful not to place the adverb between the verb and the direct object. A modifying word in that spot would function as an adjective modifying the direct object.
Adverbs may also be moved to the start of the sentence, so long as a comma with a clear pause is utilized to separate the adverb from the rest of the sentence. Without this pause the adverb would be mistaken by an adjective modifying the subject.
The suffix -dom means a place for/with a specific purpose.
Fill in the blanks below:
dining room: _______________
swimming pool: _______________
The particle le marks the past tense and the particle xa marks the future tense. Verb particles are used at the beginning of a verb phrase, preceding any adverbs as well as no. The word order for verb phrases is as follows: verb particle -- negation -- adverb -- verb.
Femixu le kox ore musika.
The woman happily listened to the music.
Manixu le no kox ore musika.
The man didn't happily listen to the music.
Myaw xa velosi glu sui.
The cat will quickly drink the water.
Globasa uses prepositions to form prepositional phrases.
in the bathroom
Prepositional phrases link to the subject using the verb is, seen in Lesson 5.
Myaw is in banyodom.
The cat is in the bathroom.
Prepositional phrases also modify noun phrases and verb phrases. Prepositional phrases immediately follow the noun phrases they modify.
Myaw in banyodom somno.
The cat in the bathroom is sleeping.
Prepositional phrases that modify verbs enjoy relative free word order and may be moved anywhere in the sentence. When moved before the verb, commas are used as seen below.
Myaw yam in kokidom piu.
Myaw yam piu in kokidom.
Myaw, in kokidom, yam piu.
In kokidom, myaw yam piu.
The cat eats the bird in the kitchen.
Nini le no multi yam.
The kid didn't eat much.
Patre ergo in newe banko. Matre ergo in dayo hotel. Bete xwexi in meli eskol.
Bete ji bwaw le yuxi ex ogar. Bwaw no is safe. Patre xa banyo bwaw in banyodom. Bwaw xa is safe. Matre koki risi ji patato in kokidom. Risi ji patato xa is bono. Matre xa yam multi risi ji xosu patato. Bete xa yam xosu risi ji multi patato. Patre xa yam multi risi ji patato.
Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.