Lesson 10

New words in this lesson:

  • numer - number
  • kenumer (te/to) - how many (what number of)
  • moy - every
  • moyte - everybody
  • moyto - everything
  • moyloka - everywhere
  • nil - zero, no-
  • nilte - nobody
  • nilto - nothing
  • nilloka - nowhere
  • un - one
  • dua - two
  • tiga - three
  • care - four
  • lima - five
  • sisa - six
  • sabe - seven
  • oco - eight
  • nue - nine
  • des - ten
  • plu - multiple (any number more than one)


Noun Phrase Word Order

As seen in previous lessons, word order in Globasa is rather strict. Word order in noun phrases is as follows:

determiners (hin/den/moy/nil) -- possessive adj (misu, etc.) -- number -- adjective -- (pro)noun

  • hin tesu care lama kitabu
    "these her four old books"
    these four old books of hers

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are formed by adding te or to to possessive adjectives:

  • misu te/to - mine
  • yusu te/to - yours
  • etc.

Noun Phrases ending in te/to

As we've seen in Lesson 6, noun phrases must always end in either a noun or a pronoun. The third-person pronouns (te/to as well as ete/oto when appropriate) are used at the end of noun phrases when the noun is understood. We've already seen that determiners (hin/den) cannot stand alone, and must end in te/to when the noun is not expressed. Likewise, possessive pronouns (as seen above), as well as adjectives and numbers (including the word kenumer) in noun phrases must add te/to when the noun is not expressed.

  • Un manixu somno ji dua te yam.
    One man is sleeping and two are eating.

  • bono te, buru te ji colo te
    the good (one), the bad (one) and the ugly (one)

  • Mi hare multi kursi. Yu wole kenumer to?
    I have a lot of chairs. How many do you want?


The word un may be used to express singularity when necessary.

  • un kitabu
    one book or a book


The word plu maybe used to express plurality when necessary.

  • plu pingo
    (multiple) apples

Example Sentences

  • Tiga meli piu lala.
    Three beautiful birds are singing.

  • Den misu doste is kox.
    That friend of mine is happy.

  • Yu hare kenumer sodar?
    "You have how many siblings?" How many siblings do you have?

  • Moyte danse.
    Everybody is dancing.

Reading Practice

Plu myaw is in ergodom de etesu matre. Matre wole na ore moy sesu bete.

Matre: Uyu le ergo fe keto?
Myaw un: Mi le polisi. Mi le sampo ji oko moyloka.
Matre: Dento is dayo ergo! Yu xa hare lima maci.
Myaw un: Xukra!

Matre: Myaw dua, yusu ergo le is keto?
Myaw dua: Mi le idi cel nahir cel na cudu newe yam. Mi le cudu des maci tas imi.
Matre: Yusu ergo is bono. Yusu des maci is dayo. Mi is kox.
Myaw dua: Mi xa hare kenumer maci?
Matre: Lima maci.
Myaw dua: Xukra. Mas mi le cudu max maci kom lima te...
Matre: Lima te is bono numer.
Myaw dua: Bono...

Matre: Ji yu, myaw tiga?
Myaw tiga: Mi le...
Myaw un: Te le somno lungo! Te le no ergo!
Matre: Myaw tiga xa hare lima maci.
Myaw un ji dua: Keto? Kam no nilte? Myaw tiga le no ergo!
Matre: Moy myaw xa hare yam. Nilte yam nilto.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.