Lesson 19

Word List

  • watu - time
    • kewatu - when
    • moywatu - always
    • nilwatu - never
  • haji - still
    • no haji - no longer, not anymore
  • uje - already
    • no uje - not yet
  • dur - during
    • durki - while (+ clause)
    • dur na - while (+ verb phrase)
  • pimpan - often, frequent(ly)
  • nadir - seldom, rare(ly)
  • din - day
    • nundin - today
    • jaledin - yesterday
    • jaxadin - tomorrow
    • sabedin - week
  • lefe - before, ago
  • xafe - after, in (after some time)
  • soba - morning
  • axam - evening
  • noce - night
  • total - entire, whole
  • nyan - year

Quizlet Flash Cards

Notes

nun

The verb particle nun is used to express the present moment. It is typically omitted unless one wishes to emphasize that the activity is currently taking place.

Past, Present and Future

The verb tense particles (nun, le, xa) may be turned into abstract nouns by adding -ya, which may be used in prepositional phrases with fe. Note that fe is obligatory in these phrases.

  • fe nunya - in the present, now
  • fe leya - in the past, previously
  • fe xaya - in the future, later

Now and Then

Although fe nunya is the most common way to express now, hinwatu is also used. The expression hinwatu, however, contrasts with denwatu (then, at that time).

Compound Words with nun, le and xa

The verb particles nun, le and xa are used as quasi-prefixes in a specific and limited number of words, primarily those that appear in this lesson's word list.

The prefix ja-

The prefix ja- means immediately adjacent. As you can see in this lesson, ja- is used in the words jaledin (yesterday) and jaxadin (tomorrow).

lefe and xafe

The prepositions lefe (before) and xafe (after) are composed of the verb tense prefixes le and xa plus the multi-purpose preposition fe. They can also be used to express ago and in (after some time).

Misu gami le irsal tas yu netoposta lefe tiga din.
My spouse sent you an email three days ago.

Yu abil na xwexi Globasa xafe un nyan.
You can learn Globasa in one year.

Days of the Week

The days of the week are expressed as derived words using the international astronomical method by attaching din (day) as a quasi-suffix.

Monday - Lunadin (Luna - Earth's moon)
Tuesday - Marihidin (Marihi - Mars)
Wednesday - Bududin (Budu - Mercury)
Thursday - Muxtaridin (Muxtari - Jupiter)
Friday - Zuhuradin (Zuhura - Venus)
Saturday - Xanidin (Xani - Saturn)
Sunday - Soladin (Sola - Earth's sun)

To express a phrase like on Mondays, the word duli, seen in Lesson 18, is used: (fe) duli Lunadin, (fe) duli Marihidin, etc.

Noun-Noun Compounds

As we have seen with words such as dom, dukan and din, noun-noun compounds can be freely formed in Globasa using any noun.

Fill in the blanks below:

breakfast (morning meal):

dinner (evening meal):

Example Sentences

Yu le turi in Barati kewatu?
When did you travel in India?

Mi xa koki axamyam durki yu idi cel dukan.
I will cook dinner while you go to the store.

Reading Practice

Mi nadir koki, mas mi xa koki axamyam jaxadin. Nundin, mi musi na idi cel bazar. Imi haja risi, mahi ji vino. Misu gami loga ki misu yam sen daymo bon, mas mi fikir ki te koki maxmo bon kom mi. Durki mi koki, misu gami xa oko filme.

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.