Lesson 8

Word List

  • de - of (belonging to)
  • loka - location
    • keloka - where
    • hinloka - here
    • denloka - there
  • per - on (the surface of)
  • bax - under, below, beneath
  • ton - (together) with
  • fe - at (neutral position)
  • fe inya - inside
  • fe exya - outside
  • mesa - table
  • bistar - bed
  • kursi - chair
  • drevo - tree
  • jabal - mountain
  • bahari - sea
  • nahir - river

Quizlet Flash Cards

Notes

Expressing Possession

Nouns express possession using the preposition de (of). Note that de only denotes possession, while in English the word of has many uses. In subsequent lessons, you will learn other words that translate as of in English.

  • kitabu de nini
    the kid’s book

ton

The preposition ton only means together with. It is never used to express with in the sense of by means of or in the sense of having.

keloka, hinloka, denloka

The words keloka, hinloka and denloka also link to the subject using the verb sen.

Myaw sen keloka?
"The cat is where?"
Where is the cat?

Myaw sen denloka.
The cat is there.

Prepositional Phrases without Reference to Location

In order to indicate position without reference to specific location, prepositions are turned into nouns by adding the suffix -ya to form prepositional phrases with fe.

Myaw fe inya somno.
The cat inside is sleeping.

Fe inya, myaw somno.
Inside, the cat is sleeping.

fe

As seen in Lesson 3, the word fe is a preposition with a variety of uses. Note that when denoting location, Globasa typically translates at as in (in, at), not fe: in eskol (at school), in banko (at the bank), etc. However, in some cases, fe is used where at has a more neutral meaning: fe mesa (at the table). For the most part, fe is used in prepositional phrases that specify location by means of other words, such as fe inya (inside) and fe exya (outside). You will learn other such phrases in a subsequent lesson.

Example Sentences

Eskol sen keloka?
Where is the school?

Piu sen fe exya.
The bird is outside.

Bwaw de polisiyen sen day.
The police officer's dog is big.

Reading Practice

Manixu ergo in bahari. Te sen mahiyen. Te hare ogar ton femixu. Femixu hare juni bete. Hin ogar no sen day. Ete no suki to.

Ete sen in hin ogar. Manixu ji femixu sen fe mesa. Ete glu cay. Bete bon somno per bistar. Ete oko bete.

"Mi vole neo ogar, har day somnodom ji meli kokidom," femixu loga. "Mi aham, mas ogar xa sen keloka?" manixu loga. "Kam yu suki jabal? Dento sen bon cel neo ogar," femixu loga. "Si, mi suki. Mas mi vole ergo," manixu loga. "Jabal hare nahir. Mahi sen in nahir. Yu xa cudu multi mahi," femixu loga. "Mas, kam jabal xa hare eskol?" manixu loga.

Bete ore ixu. Te le no somno!

Bete loga, "Mi no vole na idi cel eskol! Mi vole na yuxi per drevo, ex bahari ji ex eskol!"

Lesson Activity

Create your own sentences using the examples above, and examples from previous lessons, as sentence patterns. Tell a story.